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  • Study: Climate change takes from the poor, gives to the rich – Ecologise
    2 October 2013 8 Upcoming Events Webinar on Groundtruthing at online event Groundtruthing gathers information that connects regulatory requirements with actual impacts development has on people Resource person Kanchi Kohli Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 12th May 2016 12th May 2016 Rainwater Harvesting Workshop at Hyderabad Understand and combat Hyderabad s water problems through rain water harvesting Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 15th May 2016 15th May 2016 Thought for Food at Palampur Himachal Pradesh Workshop on eating responsibly sharing strategies and tools for doing so Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 18th May 2016 22nd May 2016 Two short courses on Development at Azim Premji University Bangalore Designed for professionals working in various domains of development Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 24th May 2016 3rd June 2016 View All Events Special Features Riber Hansson Study Climate change takes from the poor gives to the rich Written by Contributor Apr 17 2016 0 Comments A new study finds that climate change is triggering a massive reallocation of resources to the world s wealthiest countries Fish and other important resources are moving toward the Earth s poles as the climate warms and wealth is moving with them according to a new paper by scientists at Rutgers Princeton Yale and Arizona State universities Science Daily Climate change is forcing some species of migrating fish to shift their range toward the poles which means big changes for people whose livelihoods depend on those fish What we find is that natural resources like fish are being pushed around by climate change and that changes who gets access to them said Malin Pinsky professor of ecology evolution in the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences The stronger and more conservation oriented the natural resource management in a community the higher the value that community places on its natural resources whether those resources are increasing or diminishing Pinsky reports If wealthier communities and countries are more likely to have strong resource management then these wealthy groups are more likely to benefit thus exacerbating inequality Pinsky and his co authors have published their findings in the journal Nature Climate Change Pinsky his co authors report that inclusive wealth not just fish but plants and trees and other species important to human beings is shifting out of the temperate zones and toward the poles as global temperatures rise Inclusive wealth is the sum of a community s capital assets including natural assets like

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/17/robin-hood-in-reverse-climate-change-takes-from-poor-gives-to-rich/ (2016-05-02)
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  • The gathering storm of climate migration – Ecologise
    displaced by conflict in 2014 That amounts to one person every second according to Jan Egeland director general of the Norwegian Refugee Council who spoke at a briefing during the 21st Conference of Parties in Paris last year Ninety percent of climate migrants move to or within developing countries Egeland noted And climate related mobility is trending upwards We are living in the era of forced displacement Egeland said Some of the drivers such as drought and desertification are creeping disasters which can take years or decades to make a place unlivable Faced with deteriorating landscapes people seek better opportunities elsewhere and many of these migrants go uncounted Many times I ask myself how come everybody knows how bad Syria and all of these wars are for displacement and few people understand twice as many are displaced by climate and weather Egeland said in Paris And yet while refugees fleeing conflict or persecution find legal protection in the 1951 United Nations convention that established their right to seek asylum there is no international framework to protect the rights of people displaced by climate change related weather events or those who choose to migrate because climate change is staring at them in the face and promising a more difficult future Firmly on the agenda For those who think such a framework ought to exist the Paris climate agreement forged at COP21 last year offers some reason for optimism The agreement includes two references to human mobility In its preamble the Paris agreement implores states to respect promote and consider the rights of migrants among other vulnerable groups when taking action to address climate change And the agreement calls for the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism a body created in 2013 to address loss and damage caused by climate change impacts to establish a new task force to develop recommendations for integrated approaches to avert minimize and address displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change The Paris agreement is not the first United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change document to discuss the link between climate change and displacement but it is the first agreement with so much international buy in to do so said Mariam Traore Chazalnoel an environmental migration expert with the International Organization for Migration In February the Warsaw International Mechanism Executive Committee or ExComm met and worked over four days to create the displacement task force and advance discussions on human mobility and climate change as directed by the Paris agreement The takeaway from Paris and from this most recent ExComm meeting Chazalnoel said is that this is a very bureaucratic process But she added the issue is firmly on their radar They will work on it over the next few years and this is a big difference from what happened a few years ago where we had to fight to bring the question of climate displaced persons to the negotiations Parties to the COP21 treaty understand that they must do something to prepare

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/16/he-gathering-storm-of-climate-migration/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Video: Development and identity theft in Northeast India – Ecologise
    to share on Google Opens in new window 12th May 2016 12th May 2016 Rainwater Harvesting Workshop at Hyderabad Understand and combat Hyderabad s water problems through rain water harvesting Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 15th May 2016 15th May 2016 Thought for Food at Palampur Himachal Pradesh Workshop on eating responsibly sharing strategies and tools for doing so Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 18th May 2016 22nd May 2016 Two short courses on Development at Azim Premji University Bangalore Designed for professionals working in various domains of development Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 24th May 2016 3rd June 2016 View All Events Special Features Video Development and identity theft in Northeast India Written by Contributor Apr 16 2016 0 Comments Usha Dewani writes Indigenous communities have a strong belief in the sacredness of the natural world and assert that excess exploitation of the material world through huge infrastructure programs like large dams and hydropower projects would not lead to social development They are concerned that these infrastructure programmes might compromise their autonomy over their lands Development and modernisation come at a cost to Indigenous people who have historically struggled to assert their rights For sustainable growth their identity must be respected and embraced Usha Dewani India Water Portal If you try to map where indigenous people live and where abundant biodiversity exists you will notice a big overlap It might seem like coincidence but it isn t Indigenous people have long shared and declared a strong connection to their traditional landscapes They have had methods to protect preserve and live harmoniously with nature Despite that they remain a large excluded group about 370 million around the world much higher than the population of the entire United States 311 million people in 2011 Indigenous people also called adivasis in India or tribals everywhere else very often live in naturally rich but economically poor areas The Northeast region of India has over 160 indigenous communities with distinct cultural identities and strong ties with their land Because of this connection and the knowledge they have acquired over generations through stories and myths they understand the complexities of nature and its resilience As traditional guardians to the ecosystem around them they strongly believe that self determination is sacred and is grounded in a collective and community paradigm and not on the individualistic pursuit of maximum economic production They strongly declare and desire to live under their own worldview on their own lands and under their own faith says Dr Phrang Roy Chairman of the Northeast Slow Food and Agrobiodiversity Society India

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/16/video-development-and-identity-theft-in-northeast-india/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Seven projects around the world that protect soil – Ecologise
    this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 24th May 2016 3rd June 2016 View All Events Special Features Seven projects around the world that protect soil Written by Contributor Apr 15 2016 0 Comments Rocco Pallin writes Thirty three percent of soil worldwide is degraded and 50 000 square kilometers of soil are lost each year Soil is not a renewable resource and isn t recoverable within a human lifespan but sustainable practices could increase the world s food production by 58 percent Here are seven projects helping to restore the world s soil Rocco Pallin Food Tank The International Year of Soils came to a close on December 4 but that won t be the end of the work for many soil projects According to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki moon soils are the foundation of food systems and are critical to achieving food security and nutrition Without governance and investment in measures to promote sustainable soil practices further soil degradation could have enormous implications Land degradation which includes water erosion salinization and loss of biodiversity costs an estimated US 40 billion annually worldwide as reported by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization FAO Thirty three percent of soil worldwide is degraded and 50 000 square kilometers of soil are lost each year Soil is not a renewable resource and is not recoverable within a human lifespan but sustainable soil management could increase the world s food production by 58 percent Professor John Crawford a soil expert at the University of Sydney advises that ignoring this issue will cause two major problems a loss of soil productivity and a water crisis hitting the poorest countries hardest Thankfully farmers and scientists are finding ways to improve soils and increase food security Here are seven influential projects and programs helping to restore the world s soil The African Conservation Trust ACT ACT runs a Soil Erosion Modeling Project in southern Africa where poor agricultural practices and overgrazing have resulted in massive losses of topsoil the creation of huge dongas and a loss of income earning potential to the local people After a successful gully rehabilitation project in 2010 which served to stabilize the soil in the Upper uThukela region of South Africa ACT is beginning a project to model soil erosion for preventative action and subsequent protection of soil and livelihoods The Hummingbird Project Founded in 2010 by a husband and wife team The Hummingbird Project uses education and permaculture principles for its Living Soil Saves Lives program which trains rural farmers across India to use natural and organic farming techniques This program specifically targets farmers in the so called Suicide Belt where the suicide rate among farmers is notoriously high The Hummingbird Project has directly trained about 2500 farmers and believes strongly in the train the trainers model according to co founder Chris Kennedy Kiss the Ground An

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/15/seven-projects-around-the-world-that-protect-soil/ (2016-05-02)
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  • NEWS UPDATE #91 – Ecologise
    ministry of water resources show that in end March water levels in 91 major reservoirs in the country was at just 25 of capacity 30 lower than last year and 25 less than the average storage in a decade The situation is acute in the western parts of the country Met Department predicts monsoon will be above normal this year Scroll in The Indian Meteorological Department on Tuesday predicted above normal to excess rainfall in the 2016 monsoon IMD chief LS Rathore said the distribution of the monsoon should be fair across the country but the Northeast and Southeast regions may receive slightly less than normal rain reported PTI Rathore added that the drought affected Marathwada region in Maharashtra is likely to receive good rainfall Maharashtra farm crisis deepens as output of cereal and pulses falls considerably Prachi Salve IndiaSpend com The production of cereals is projected to fall 41 and pulses 11 as agricultural growth in Maharashtra is set to decline 2 7 for the year 2015 16 after deficient rainfall in 278 of 355 talukas sub units of districts according to the Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2015 16 In 2015 the rainfall in Maharashtra was 60 of normal and so the state s farmed area for the winter crop rabi declined 16 between October 2015 and March 2016 according to the Survey This is the second successive year of below normal rainfall India s potable water crisis is set to worsen Sayantan Bera Live Mint Data from the ministry of water resources show that in end March water levels in 91 major reservoirs in the country was at just 25 of capacity 30 lower than last year and 25 less than the average storage in a decade The situation is acute in the western parts of the country Water stored in reservoirs in Maharashtra and Gujarat was at 21 of their capacity compared to the usual decadal average of 44 In southern India covering drought hit states like Karnataka Andhra Pradesh and Telangana water levels were at 17 of reservoir capacity compared to decadal average storage levels of 29 of capacity These women said they could protect their local forests better than the men in their village The men agreed Sam Eaton PRI Today as many as a quarter of India s districts may be embroiled in conflicts with local communities over land rights Sarin said the Forest Rights Act gives those same communities a much bigger stake in fighting to keep their forests standing And she said it is women who are taking the lead In forest based societies like Ghunduribadi a woman s status is closely linked to her role in the common property of the forest Melting ice sheets changing the way the Earth wobbles on its axis says Nasa The Guardian Global warming is changing the way the Earth wobbles on its polar axis a new Nasa study has found Melting ice sheets especially in Greenland are changing the distribution of weight on Earth

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/14/news-update-91/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Video: Learning from water – What if we need to disobey to survive? – Ecologise
    2014 7 May 2014 2 April 2014 3 March 2014 4 February 2014 1 January 2014 2 December 2013 3 November 2013 2 October 2013 8 Upcoming Events Webinar on Groundtruthing at online event Groundtruthing gathers information that connects regulatory requirements with actual impacts development has on people Resource person Kanchi Kohli Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 12th May 2016 12th May 2016 Rainwater Harvesting Workshop at Hyderabad Understand and combat Hyderabad s water problems through rain water harvesting Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 15th May 2016 15th May 2016 Thought for Food at Palampur Himachal Pradesh Workshop on eating responsibly sharing strategies and tools for doing so Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 18th May 2016 22nd May 2016 Two short courses on Development at Azim Premji University Bangalore Designed for professionals working in various domains of development Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 24th May 2016 3rd June 2016 View All Events Special Features Video Learning from water What if we need to disobey to survive Written by Contributor Apr 13 2016 0 Comments Nikhil VJ writes Although water is a liquid it breaks nearly all the rules that liquids follow and has characteristics that are totally unique It is precisely the rule bending characteristics of water that make life possible In what other systems can a little breaking of the rules be essential to making life possible sustainable thriving Nikhil VJ Blog Trek Here s a thought arising from seeing something about the nature of water read the full post here Although water H2O is a liquid it breaks nearly all the rules that liquids are supposed to follow It just doesn t behave the same way that the liquid forms of other elements or compounds behave and it has characteristics that are totally unique inapplicable to any other element or compound in existence Life on planet Earth is possible because of water It is precisely the law breaking rule bending characteristics of water and its unique properties that make life possible If water followed all the rules obediently like the other liquids do then life on Earth and probably elsewhere would not be possible In a system as ruthlessly rigid unrelenting as physical science because one little compound decided to chuck the rules life became possible sustainable thriving In what other systems in our lives relationships love friendships education healthcare jobs governance finance technology science law justice can a little breaking of

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/13/what-if-we-need-some-disobedience-of-rules-to-survive/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Our economic growth system is reaching limits in a strange way – Ecologise
    make charcoal and use the charcoal to make small quantities of metals Once fossil fuels are available in quantity they allow the economy to make modern capital goods such as machines oil drilling equipment hydraulic dump trucks farming equipment and airplanes Businesses need to be much larger to produce and own such equipment International trade becomes much more important because a much broader array of materials is needed to make and operate these devices Education becomes ever more important as devices become increasingly complex Governments become larger to deal with the additional services they now need to provide Increasing complexity has a downside If an increasing share of the output of the economy is funneled into management pay expenditures for capital goods and other expenditures associated with an increasingly complex economy including higher taxes and more dividend and interest payments less of the output of the economy is available for ordinary laborers including those without advanced training or supervisory responsibilities As a result pay for these workers is likely to fall relative to the rising cost of living Some would be workers may drop out of the labor force because the benefits of working are too low compared to other costs such as childcare and transportation costs Ultimately the low wages of these workers can be expected to start causing problems for the economic system as a whole because these workers can no longer afford the output of the system These workers reduce their purchases of houses and cars both of which are produced using fossil fuels and other commodities Ultimately the prices of commodities fall below their cost of production This happens because there are so many of these ordinary laborers and the lack of good wages for these workers tends to slow the demand side of the economic growth loop This is the problem that we are now experiencing Figure 4 below shows how the system would work if increasing complexity were not interfering with economic growth Figure 4 How economic growth works if increased complexity is not interfering Also see my post How Economic Growth Fails The Two Pumps Are Really Energy and Entropy Unlike the markings on the pump gasoline and ethanol the two pumps of our system are energy consumption and entropy When we think we are getting energy consumption we really get various forms of entropy as well The first pump rising energy consumption seems to be what makes the world economy grow Figure 5 World GDP in 2010 compared from USDA compared to World Consumption of Energy from BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014 This happens because the use of energy products allows businesses to leverage human labor so that human labor can be more productive A farmer with a stick as his only implement cannot produce much food but a farmer with a tractor gasoline modern implements hybrid seeds irrigation and access to modern roads can be very productive This productivity would not be available without fossil fuels Figure 4 shown earlier describes how this increased productivity usually gets back into the system The second pump in Figure 3 is Entropy Production Entropy is a measure of the disorder associated with the extraction and consumption of fossil fuels and other energy products Entropy can be thought of as a loss of information Once energy products are burned we have a portion of GDP in the place of the energy products that have been consumed This is why there is a high correlation between energy consumption and GDP As energy products are burned we also have an increasing pile of debt increasing pollution that our sinks become less and less able to handle and increasing wealth disparity Figure 6 Difference in US income growth patterns of the top 10 versus the bottom 90 Chart by economist Emmanuel Saez based on an analysis of IRS data published in Forbes Beyond the three types of entropy I have mentioned there are other related problems For example the current immigration problem is at least partly a problem associated with increased complexity and thus increased wealth disparity Also low oil prices are a sign of a loss of information and thus also a sign of growing entropy Our Energy Entropy System Operates on an Energy Flow Basis I think of two different kinds of accounting systems Accounting on a cash flow basis Accounting on an accrual basis such as GAAP With respect to energy we burn fossil fuels in a given year and we obtain output of renewable energy devices in a given year We eat food that has generally been grown in the year we eat it There is virtually no accrual aspect to the way the system works This is very different from the accrual basis financial statements prepared by most large companies that allow credit for investments before the benefit is actually in place When it comes to promises such as Social Security benefits we are in effect promising retirees a share of energy production in future years The promise is only worth something if the system continues to work well in other words if the financial system has not collapsed pollution is not too great a problem and marginalized workers are not revolting Governments can print money but they can t print resources It is the resources particularly energy resources that we need to run the economy In fact we need per capita resources to be at least flat or perhaps increasing Figure 7 World energy consumption per capita based on BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2105 data Year 2015 estimate and notes by G Tverberg Printing money is an attempt to get a larger share of the world s resources for the population of a given country Printing money usually doesn t work very well because if a country prints a lot of money the currency of that country is likely to fall relative to currencies of other countries What Causes the System to Fail Too Little Energy or Too

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/13/our-economic-growth-system-is-reaching-limits-in-a-strange-way/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Special: A view from the Left: Capitalism, climate change and the environment – Ecologise
    regulatory requirements with actual impacts development has on people Resource person Kanchi Kohli Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 12th May 2016 12th May 2016 Rainwater Harvesting Workshop at Hyderabad Understand and combat Hyderabad s water problems through rain water harvesting Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 15th May 2016 15th May 2016 Thought for Food at Palampur Himachal Pradesh Workshop on eating responsibly sharing strategies and tools for doing so Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 18th May 2016 22nd May 2016 Two short courses on Development at Azim Premji University Bangalore Designed for professionals working in various domains of development Share this Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Google Opens in new window 24th May 2016 3rd June 2016 View All Events Special Features Special A view from the Left Capitalism climate change and the environment Written by Ecologise Apr 12 2016 0 Comments From the point of view of greens the Left in general and Marxism in particular is often seen as being myopic about the looming environmental crisis Here we present a selection of articles and essays by leading writers from the Left who are among the most interesting and constructive voices to engage with the issue Apocalyptic Capitalism Chris Hedges Truthdig We have to let go of our relentless positivism our absurd mania for hope and face the bleakness of reality before us To resist means to acknowledge that we are living in a world already heavily damaged by global warming It means refusing to participate in the destruction of the planet It means noncooperation with authority It means defying in every way possible consumer capitalism militarism and imperialism It means adjusting our lifestyle including what we eat to thwart the forces bent upon our annihilation Marxism ecology and the great transition John Bellamy Foster Great Transition Initiative This essay unearths the deep ecological roots of Marx s thought showing how he brought an environmental perspective to bear on the overarching question of social transformation From there it traces the evolution of Marxian ecology illuminating its profound formative link to modern ecological economics and systems ecology It concludes by discussing the wider project of building a social movement broad and deep enough to halt and reverse ecological and social destruction Remarks on Capitalism and the Environment It Produces Harry Magdoff Monthly Review Remarks on Capitalism and the Environment It Produces is a recently discovered draft paper of Harry Magdoff s The exact date and location of its presentation is unknown

    Original URL path: http://www.ecologise.in/2016/04/12/capitalism-and-climate-change-4-essays/ (2016-05-02)
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